What Is Cord Blood?

Most of the current stem cell therapies utilize hematopoietic stem cells, which are found in bone marrow, umbilical cord blood and peripheral blood. Depending on many factors, the physician will decide which one of these to use. For decades, transplant physicians have been using this type of adult stem cell to treat patients with diseases such as leukemia, sickle cell anemia, bone marrow damage, and some metabolic disorders and immunodeficiencies where the body has lost its ability to replenish its own set of healthy blood cells. Hematopoietic stem cells give rise to all the blood cell types, from infection-fighting white blood cells to blood-clotting platelets.